The East Java Northern Coastal no doubt as trade center was made Chinese trade company to historical sites within maintained their bussines relationship with the Dutch Trade Company (VOC), the Nederland East Indies government it shelf, the Indonesian indigenous middle class, even more among “The Kunlun” merchants. Chinese bussines history in northern coastal, East Java, at 18 century was achieved by historical reconstruction studies as paradigmatic point of view, atleast conceived three point value. Chinese community migration history was already occupied the shore jurisdiction, social interaction between Chineses with the local people, and look up Chinese merchant bussines diversity before 18 until 19 Century.
The Chinese present in Java province becoming the most valueable thing in order to seek merchant relations complicity from what they were build far away before the Europe trader come approach with their own ships in fatherland coastal. The trader were build merchantilism network due to empowering economic relationship with local government, and also the Chinese with marriage. Political marriages pattern possibly eternalized Chinese bussines in Java. Not quite surprised, during the waring ages and the Java lords coup, so many Chinese hereditary noubles was involved in political enmity circumtances.
In earlier wave the imigrant worker from Chinese had solided the ethic of working and the Chineses enterpreneurship for more adapted and be able to do anything. Even more in 18 Century their economic role were quite stronger. In the begining they work as broker dealler. Slowly but sure they were able to rent the land, owning the sugar-reed house machine, collecting road taxes (TOL), owning opium trade licencies and alcoholic drink dealler, and so on.
There was two kind of dealler faces whose lived around about 16 until 18 Century, they were purposed credit merchant and the capital receiver. The purposed credit merchant usually stay at home, but they use to go alone or sent their agencies for look around, or only stay put at the settlement. Capital recieved merchant has duty to operating bussines due to sailing around selling their goods from one jurisdiction to another region. Otherwhile the agriculture district becoming trade center, it was reached another peripheral river and shore. At that time, rice and jati wood became main goods commodity in northern coastal, East Java.
Social and political circumtances was made the Chinese community succeed to reign over the entire Java island particullary the northern coastal in 18 Century beside keep struggle on economic bussines. Chinese merchants automaticly changed their bussines orientations to another harbour: Aceh and Banten, most after Portugal has succeed occupied the Malaka Passage. Malaka Passage as the main trade lines periodicly changes to another Java northern island lines only to avoid the Portugal ships patrol. All the trade harbour conditions in entire archipelago deal with the crisis because of political enmity and Java lords coup, but it was succeed bring up the Dutch at the end as a winner.
As a Dutch trade company who has political authority, VOC began to hold the trade monopoly as a political concession with the Java lords. VOC always seem like shareholder within determined for every Mataram lords consecrate: Amangkurat I and II. This matter potentialy reduce the lords authority to step a side, people also impose on debt which already yet pay in a taxes. Once upon a time the Cihnese draged in political circles and already comes up to rebelion. “The Chinese Rebelion” in Batavia at 1740 set as historical dark point Chinese worker in Java island. Formerly the Ducth quite represive within response the action. Atleast more over 10.000 Chinese killed at the insident.
Very Well Partner
Entire archipelago trades center goes paralysed at the end 17 Century, there was Malaka, Aceh, Banten, East Java, and Celebes but also become the first VOC roadmap guidence to stand on top imperalism in 18 Century. For the first half 18 Century, VOC deal with bankrupcy as the concequences supporting an expensive wars and also deal with their official’s corruption. So, VOC already pronounced adminstratively bankrupt due to the Ducth Government withdrawed their political authority. For entire social-politic circumtances changes, not quite influenced to the Chinese existence as merchant. Atleast, their economic role become more stronger in 18 Century.
Another Chinese succeed factors cultivate drugs bussines in Nederland East Indie most from their widespread trades networking as the Ducth authority it shelf. Their network area was reigned almost all region teretory, interregion, and coast to coast. The drugs consumerism raise up to accompany the glorious Chinese bussines royal [p.120]. Chinese merchant was spread along the northern coastal East Java. They also clever enough to catch opportunity and facility which VOC gaved them such as drug trade licencies, and also protection facility from local tenure. So, they were engaged among the Chinese it shelf to empowering their social binding.
VOC occupation to the northern coastal East Java has involved the Chinese merchant as an exit way beside military power to overcome the Dutch trading problems. Chinese merchant more prefer chosed to bussines partnership by the Dutch because their advanced within colective trading or distribution. The Ducth also dominated the bussines over the East Java jurisdiction include Tuban, Gresik, Surabaya, Pasuruan, Probolinggo, Besuki, Panarukan, and West Madura (Bangkalan, Sampang, Pamekasan) from trade networking engagement with the coastal Chinese.
Book titled “Coastal Chinese: The Chinese Bussines Network in Northern Coast East Java 18 Century”, to put forward the thesis about three particullar Chinese merchant direction and their associative politic to survive in the middle Nederland East Indie social-politic excitement. Around about 18 Century the Chinese dealler build up cooperation with the Dutch trade company, local tenure, and also among the Chinese community it shelf to speed up their bussines. At last, East Java northern coastal as social locus, economic, and politics include strategical harbour towns, has revealed enormous rich Chinese generation consisting the Chineses in Java.
The geopolitic factors already made East Java province to permanent part of the Nederland East Indie authority. This book telling us about Chinese bussines history as a economic historical summary of potential harbour towns in Indonesian coastal teretory. The most valuable information from this book is about historical Java lords hereditary are also the Chinese. Historical analyze approach base on economics maritime ought bridged the social locus, politics, and culture exavate due to opened the other facts to carry on Indonesian maritime historical exavation.